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Plos Genetics : the Flowering Repressor Svp Underlies a Novel Arabidopsis Thaliana Qtl Interacting with the Genetic Background, Volume 9

By Maloof, Julin N.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003953209
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos Genetics : the Flowering Repressor Svp Underlies a Novel Arabidopsis Thaliana Qtl Interacting with the Genetic Background, Volume 9  
Author: Maloof, Julin N.
Volume: Volume 9
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Genetics
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), PLoS Genetics
Historic
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Publisher: Plos

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Maloof, J. N. (n.d.). Plos Genetics : the Flowering Repressor Svp Underlies a Novel Arabidopsis Thaliana Qtl Interacting with the Genetic Background, Volume 9. Retrieved from http://www.nationalpubliclibrary.com/


Description
Description : The timing of flowering initiation is a fundamental trait for the adaptation of annual plants to different environments. Large amounts of intraspecific quantitative variation have been described for it among natural accessions of many species, but the molecular and evolutionary mechanisms underlying this genetic variation are mainly being determined in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. To find novel A. thaliana flowering QTL, we developed introgression lines from the Japanese accession Fuk, which was selected based on the substantial transgression observed in an F2 population with the reference strain Ler. Analysis of an early flowering line carrying a single Fuk introgression identified Flowering Arabidopsis QTL1 (FAQ1). We finemapped FAQ1 in an 11 kb genomic region containing the MADS transcription factor gene SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP). Complementation of the early flowering phenotype of FAQ1-Fuk with a SVP-Ler transgen demonstrated that FAQ1 is SVP. We further proved by directed mutagenesis and transgenesis that a single amino acid substitution in SVP causes the loss-offunction and early flowering of Fuk allele. Analysis of a worldwide collection of accessions detected FAQ1/SVP-Fuk allele only in Asia, with the highest frequency appearing in Japan, where we could also detect a potential ancestral genotype of FAQ1/ SVP-Fuk. In addition, we evaluated allelic and epistatic interactions of SVP natural alleles by analysing more than one hundred transgenic lines carrying Ler or Fuk SVP alleles in five genetic backgrounds. Quantitative analyses of these lines showed that FAQ1/SVP effects vary from large to small depending on the genetic background. These results support that the flowering repressor SVP has been recently selected in A. thaliana as a target for early flowering, and evidence the relevance of genetic interactions for the intraspecific evolution of FAQ1/SVP and flowering time.

 

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