World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Assessments of Urban Aerosol Pollution in Moscow and Its Radiative Effects : Volume 4, Issue 2 (28/02/2011)

By Chubarova, N. Y.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003975772
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 12
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Assessments of Urban Aerosol Pollution in Moscow and Its Radiative Effects : Volume 4, Issue 2 (28/02/2011)  
Author: Chubarova, N. Y.
Volume: Vol. 4, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Measurement
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Sviridenkov, M. A., Smirnov, A., Holben, B. N., & Chubarova, N. Y. (2011). Assessments of Urban Aerosol Pollution in Moscow and Its Radiative Effects : Volume 4, Issue 2 (28/02/2011). Retrieved from

Description: Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia. Simultaneous measurements by the collocated AERONET CIMEL sun/sky photometers at the Moscow State University Meteorological Observatory (MSU MO) and at the Zvenigorod Scientific Station (ZSS) of the A. M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics during September 2006–April 2009 provide the estimates of the effects of urban pollution on various aerosol properties in different seasons. The average difference in aerosol optical thickness between MO MSU and ZSS, which can characterize the effect of aerosol pollution, has been estimated to be about dAOT = 0.02 in visible spectral region. The most pronounced difference is observed in winter conditions when relative AOT difference can reach 26%. The high correlation of the AOT's, the Angstrom exponent values and the effective radii between the sites confirms that natural processes are the dominating factor in the changes of the aerosol properties even over the Moscow megacity area. The existence of positive correlation between dAOT and difference in water vapor content explains many cases with large dAOT between the sites by the time lag in the airmass advection. However, after excluding the difference due to this factor, AOT in Moscow remains higher even in a larger number of cases (more than 75%) with the same mean dAOT = 0.02. Due to the negative average difference in aerosol radiative forcing at the TOA of about dARFTOA = −0.9 W m−2, the aerosol urban pollution provides a distinct cooling effect of the atmosphere. The PAR and UV irradiance reaching the ground is only 2–3% lower in Moscow due to the pollution effects, though in some situations the attenuation can reach 13% in visible and more than 20% in UV spectral region.

Assessments of urban aerosol pollution in Moscow and its radiative effects

Afifi, A. A. and Azen, S. P.: Statistical Analysis, A Computer Oriented Approach, 2nd edition, Academic, San Diego, California, 486 pp., 1979.; Chubarova, N. E.: Influence of Aerosol and Atmospheric Gases on Ultraviolet Radiation in Different Optical Conditions Including Smoky Mist of 2002, Dokl. Earth Sci., 394(1), 62–67, 2004.; Chubarova, N. Y., Larin, I. K., Lebedev, V. V., Partola, V. S., Lezina, Ye. A., and Rublev, A. N.: Experimental and model study of changes in spectral solar irradiance in the atmosphere of large city due to tropospheric NO2 content, in: Current Problems In Atmospheric Radiation (IRS 2008) Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium (IRC/IAMAS) Foz do Iguasu, Brazil, 3–8 August 2008, edited by: Nakajima, T. and Yamasoe, M. A., AIP Conference Proceedings, Melville, New York, 1100, 459–462, 2009a.; Chubarova, N. Y., Prilepsky, N. G., Rublev, A. N., and Riebau, A. R.: A Mega-Fire event in central Russia: fire weather, radiative, and optical properties of the atmosphere, and consequences for subboreal forest plants, in: Developments in Environmental Science, Volume 8, edited by: Bytnerowicz, A., Arbaugh, M., Riebau, A., and Andersen, C., Elsevier B. V., 249–267, 2009b.; Chubarova, N. Y.: Seasonal distribution of aerosol properties over Europe and their impact on UV irradiance, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 2, 593–608, doi:10.5194/amt-2-593-2009, 2009.; Dubovik, O. and King, M. D.: A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 105(D16), 20673–20696, 2000.; Madronich, S. and Flocke, S.: The role of solar radiation in atmospheric chemistry, in: Handbook of environmental chemistry, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1–26, 1998.; Dubovik, O., Smirnov, A., Holben, B. N., King, M. D., Kaufman, Y. J., Eck, T. F., and Slutsker, I.: Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) Sun and sky radiance measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 105(D8), 9791–9806, 2000.; Dubovik, O., Holben, B. N., Eck, T. F., Smirnov, A., Kaufman, Y. J., King, M. D., Tanre, D., and Slutsker. I.: Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations, J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 590–608, 2002.; Eck, T. F., Holben, B. N., Reid, J. S., Dubovik, O., Smirnov, A., O'Neill, N. T., Slutsker, I., and Kinne, S.: Wavelength dependence of the optical depth of biomass burning, urban and desert dust aerosols, J. Geophys. Res., 104(D24), 31333–31349, 1999.; Elokhov, A. S. and Gruzdev, A. N.: Measurements of column contents and vertica distribution of NO2 at Zvenigorod Scientific Station, Proc. SPIE, 3583, 547–554, 1998.; Garcia, O. E., Diaz, A. M., Exposito, F. J., Diaz, J. P., Dubovik, O., Dubuisson, P., Roger, J.-C., Eck, T. F., Sinyuk, A., Derimian, Y., Dutton, E. G., Schafer, J. S., and Holben, B. N.: Validation of AERONET estimates of atmospheric solar fluxes and aerosol radiative forcing by ground-based broadband measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D21207, doi:10.1029/2008JD010211, 2008.; Gorbarenko, E. V.: Spatial and temporal variability of the atmospheric aerosol optical thickness on the territory of former USSR, in: IRS'96 Current problems in Atmospheric Radiation, edited by: Smith, W. L. and Stamnes, K., Deepak Publishing, Hampton, Virginia, USA, 774–777, 1997.; Gorbarenko, E. V., Yerokhina, E., Lukin, A. B.: Long-period changes in aerosol optical thickness of the atmosphere in Russia, Russ. Meteorol. Hydrol., 7, 25–31, 2006.; Gruzdev, A. N. and Elokhov, A. S.: Validation of Ozone Monitoring Instrument NO2 measurements using ground based NO2 measurements at Zvenigorod, Russia, Int. J. Remote Sens., 31(2), 497–


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Continuous-flow Isotope Ratio Mass Spect... (by )
  • The Midlatitude Continental Convective C... (by )
  • Total Column Water Vapour Measurements f... (by )
  • Mipas-str Measurements in the Arctic Utl... (by )
  • Light Extinction by Secondary Organic Ae... (by )
  • Ecoc Comparison Exercise with Identical ... (by )
  • Retrieval of Aerosol Backscatter and Ext... (by )
  • Development of a High Spectral Resolutio... (by )
  • An Assessment of the Stray-light in 25 Y... (by )
  • Aerosol Quantification with the Aerodyne... (by )
  • A Novel Inlet System for Online Chemical... (by )
  • Ceilometer Aerosol Profiling Versus Rama... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from National Public Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.